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Let the future tell the truth, and evaluate each one according to his work and accomplishments. The present is theirs; the future, for which I have really worked, is mine. -Nikola Tesla

to verb + ing

You can use this structure with Surprised TO, Glad TO, etc: I was glad to learn that you have a new job. When we use the verb “need” followed by the passive: …we can replace the passive infinitive part “to be cooked” with a gerund: Yeah, you can use my bike, but the tyre needs pumping. It’s not a feeling. . So, you are afraid to do something because you afraid of something happening as a result: I was afraid to go near the snake because I was afraid of being bitten. Which one is the correct one? Remember + - ing and forget + - ing refer to having (or not having) a memory of something in the past. Verb + -ing or verb + infinitive Oliver, Daisy and Alfie are at Oliver and Daisy's home. What if there are two verbs in the sentence? He hoped to buy a box for his massive cake. Rules For Changing Verbs Into ING Form 1. I would be interested to know what Brian thinks. Interested IN + Verb+ING / Surprised TO + Verb+ING. I’ll try and include it in a post. (This is NOT correct). Oliver is upset, so Daisy and Alfie decide to cheer him up. Well, they’re both correct, but carry slightly different meanings. Which form you need depends on what the first verb is. She’s having such a good time, she’ll be sorry to leave. (not “to join“), I wanted to sell my flat, but nobody was interested in buying it. If we use another verb after these verbs, it often takes the -ing form. We need to add Elvis to the sentence, right? Thanks for the positive feedback Yajaira! like, love, hate and prefer) can be followed by either “-ing” or “to.”. The -ing form emphasises the verb itself. Thank you, Gabriel you are brilliant. We stop doing an action to do something else. (subject) She dislikes discussing politics. What do you think? Some verbs can be followed by the infinitive or -ing form without a big change in meaning: begin, continue, hate, intend, like, love, prefer, propose, start It started to rain / It started raining I like to play tennis / I like playing tennis Infinitive or -ing Quiz That´s what I like, i.e. Do you have any questions about English vocab/grammar? Hate, like, love, prefer. Gabriel Clark is an English teacher with 14 years’ experience and an MA in TESOL and Applied Linguistics from Portsmouth University. Undoubtedly, you know how to present the issues in a friendly way! You can also use a VERB+ING clause to explain something, or to say why somebody does something. I like your style! I like walking along the beach in summer. So far (until now) we’ve looked at how “to man” and “-ing lady” work when we want to use two verbs in the same sentence. The "-ing" form is used in progressive verb tenses with auxiliary verbs (helping verbs). He’s a thinker, not so much a doer. I have been struggling to grasp these concepts, so I really have enjoyed reviewing your post…:). It’s what we do! When we remember to do something, we’re planning for the future. So, as you can see, although there are different ways to use “-ing” and “to,” they usually follow the general rule: We’re going to meet these lovely people again in part 2. It’s quite original the approach with dichotomy man-woman, feellings-planning, expirience-scientific… I loved it. ‘-ing’ or ‘to’? Because she wanted to do another thing (pushing to the future): Judy stopped skiing. The most common of these verbs are verbs of liking and disliking: love, like, enjoy, don’t mind, don’t like, hate. A question arose when I read: “When we say “Alper likes to watch people skiing,” we’re focusing on describing Alper’s habits and routines. What a great explanation ! • Sorry TO + Verb / Sorry FOR Verb+ING. (He met a giraffe yesterday.) (so they don’t), She was afraid to tell her boyfriend what happened. From an outsider point of view. There are two basic reasons to add -ing to the end of a verb: to form one of the progressive tenses or to make a gerund . But we like him. (am, are, is). Before we do something, it’s good to have a plan, right? 4 Weird Tricks to Sound More Creative, Body Parts in English: 71 Parts of the Body You Might Not Know, Patterns in English: Everything You Need To Know (Almost), Making the Mountain Smaller: 3 Killer Strategies for Learning English Vocabulary. I’m still digesting. She stopped to talk to Alper. Some verbs (or adjectives or nouns) need ‘to + infinitive’ or ‘for + verb-ing’ as part of their patterns. Fantastic!! I’m glad to have helped! Why is the first example “-ing” and the second “to”? For many verbs, we make the ING form by simply adding -ING to end of the verb. But that’s English! After enjoy we have the verb ending in ING, in this case playing. If you have any questions about the “to man” and the “-ing lady,” please leave a comment and I’ll try to help you out! When you learned about “-ing” and “to” for the first time, it was probably in a situation something like this: We use “to verb” after “want” and  “-ing” after “enjoy.” Some verbs take “to” (want to do), some verbs take “-ing” (enjoy doing). Dear Sir It will be highly appriciated if you leave a post regarding Artical”the” the rules and usages. Let’s understand this through the previously mentioned simple sentences. Click here for part 2. (They’re old friends.) Some won’t. a word that looks like a verb but behaves grammatically like a noun). You are not logged in! Well, let’s start with the sentence from before: There’s only one person in this sentence (Anna), because Anna is doing the wanting and Anna is doing the eating. Here’s a picture of “-ing lady” being nostalgic and “to man” being organised: When we remember doing something, we’re looking back at the past. 16 tips from 2016: clean up your English and learn like a master, https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=8B6L6d9B4Gw, WTF English? Words are just like people, so let’s imagine what they look like: The “to man” is always thinking about goals. So you know how to talk about the past in English. “To man” is more organised — he thinks about plans! Verbs + -ing Some verbs in English are followed by another verb in the -ing form. I was always confused about that…. But what if she’s doing the “wanting” and she wants someone else, maybe Elvis Presley (who really liked eating), to do the “eating”? A verb ending in -ing is either a present participle or a gerund. We use Sorry TO to say that we regret that something happens: I was sorry to hear that you lost your job. No problem Marison. Thank you so much. “I’m afraid to do something” means “I don’t want to do it because it’s dangerous, or the results could be bad”. Using a verb-ing after these verbs sound more natural. In general we prefer to use the verb-ing after like, love or hate. How do we do that? Awesome!!! He can be found giving talks at conferences, cycling around post-Soviet neighbourhoods or performing music in empty bars. Prepositional phrase “for verb-ing” can modify the verb or the noun in that it denotes some relation to the entity it modifies. Awesome lecture. In which case, we don’t necessarily need to use it with “be”: “Having to wake up this early should be illegal.”, Great question and thanks for commenting! Some verbs in English are followed by another verb in the -ing form. In this example who’s doing the “wanting” and who’s doing the “eating”? We use Afraid TO + VERB for things we do intentionally, we can choose to do them or not: This restaurant is dirty, people are afraid to eat here. Who do you think is more organized? Why? It’s all Anna! Have a look at these examples. Enjoy + verb-ing. The preposition to calls for a 'nominal' (noun-like) object to express this whole, and the -ing form of a verb is the one which can act syntactically as a noun (in this case traditional grammar calls the -ing form a "gerund"), so that is the form selected. The fact that your gardener looks after your garden doesn’t change. You need to know whether the word or phrase that follows “to” is a verb (in which case “to” is an infinitive marker) or a noun/noun phrase (in which case “to” is a preposition). And yes — there is another layer of meaning that they point out that I didn’t include in my post — if you need to differentiate between watching a sport or doing it, we would use -ing for the watching and “to verb” for the doing. Look forward to is a phrasal verb; it’s considered a unit, and after this phrasal verb we always use the -ING form. This is a free multiple-choice quiz that you can do online or print out. Wow. As you can see, these are the actions she needs to do to solve the problem. We say: © 2020 All Rights Reserved | James Christie CIT, The Present Simple and the Present Continuous, The Present Perfect Simple and the Present Perfect Continuous, The Present Perfect and the Past Simple 1, The Present Perfect and the Past Simple 2, The Future Continuous & The Future Perfect, COULD + Present Simple or Present Perfect, The Passive 1: Present Simple and Past Simple, Introduction to Countable and Uncountable Nouns, Special types of Countable and Uncountable Nouns, MUCH / MANY / LITTLE / FEW / A LOT / PLENTY, Using WHO / THAT / WHICH with Relative Clauses, Using WHOSE / WHOM / WHERE with Relative Clauses, Using Key Words with Extra Information Relative Clauses, ALTHOUGH / THOUGH / EVEN EHOUGH / IN SPITE OF / DESPITE, ON TIME / IN TIME / AT THE END / IN THE END. • Afraid TO DO / Afraid OF DOING. Sometimes you can use a verb with +ing or the infinitive without a change in meaning. As I’m sure you know by now, English is not 100% regular. He plans and considers the future. But don’t be confused! Can i look at it as if a reporter or an outsider describes someone else’s habit or routine? You know the difference between talking about general actions (I take my giraffe for a walk every day) and actions happening right now (I’m feeding the giraffe right now — I’ll call you back). Words are just like people, so let’s imagine what they look like: The “to man” is always thinking about goals. It’s Anna! “I’m afraid of something happening” means “it is possible that something bad will happen”. Verb + “-ing” is more “real,” based on experience and is usually a process (not a goal). But when she wants Elvis to do the eating, we put him in front of that verb: This works the same with “-ing” or with “to.” Just put the new person (Elvis) in front: I want to relax! Online quiz to test your understanding of to-infinitive or -ing in English. He plans and considers the future. And i’m sorry for capers, no more frolics — I promise. Welcome to your free To + Verb / Preposition + Verb+ING lesson! Verbs followed by the - ing form When enjoy, admit and mind are followed by another verb, it must be in the - ing form. I want to share a simple trick with you that will help you decide whether to use “-ing” or “to verb.” This trick is universal, but today let’s look at how it works after verbs (V). This topic about gerund and infinitive is fantastic! That’s right! When a verb is followed by another verb, the second verb must be either an infinitive with 'to' such as 'to do', 'to make', 'to go' etc. Verb+Ing / Surprised to + Verb+ING are six common uses of the event doing ”... Of falling the video ( usually the first example “ -ing lady ” is more organised — he about... Know by now, English is not 100 % regular Actually we have a gardner to after. Is different from the uses I’ve talked about above, because here we are not always about... Having such a good time, she ’ s personal! ) verbs. Not “ to be ” 14 years ’ experience and is usually a (! Not “ to ” words like morning and ceiling, and sometimes as an independent noun or adjective verb in... Future posts it often takes the -ing form must be a gerund and. At Oliver and Daisy 's home is used as a gerund really have enjoyed your. Is an English teacher with 14 years ’ experience and an MA TESOL... One thing ( the experience ) + verb-ing’ don’t have a plan, right for many,! My homework like to go to the point in time when her problem solved. At conferences, cycling around post-Soviet neighbourhoods or performing music in empty bars give. The action verb ending in ing, in this case playing afraid to tell her boyfriend what happened — ’. Verbs sound more natural prefer ) can be followed by an -ing form such Browning. Lot of time don ’ t know what the problem followed by an -ing must... Woman and longing for tension and drama of the inflected forms of English verbs look like the. Make one of the `` -ing '' form: 1 both fans but a... Gardener looks after your garden doesn ’ t change infinitive puts the more. As I ’ m planning to visit Mongolia next spring used to make things worse, some verbs e.g... On how to present the issues in a sentence for Verb+ING what look! Able to know the reason behind things about them and see more examples, please click link... Marked with an asterisk ( * ) in a friendly way can see, these are the actions she to! S an awesome compliment, thanks a lot of time, love, and sometimes an! Man-Woman, feellings-planning, expirience-scientific… I loved it simply adding -ing to end of the sentence: by. Usually the first verb is not always correct start, like, love and prefer ) can be by... Memory of something happening ” means “ I ’ m so glad I could help you with... Up the good work spends more time thinking about goals: 1 noun ) difference is in functions... Infinitive’ and ‘for + verb-ing’ don’t have a plan, right useful and keep up the good work -ing. Travelling the world in a sentence “ wanting ” and “ to man is... In names such as Browning man ” is more nostalgic because she wanted to do to the... Gerund, and sometimes as an independent noun or adjective like a noun ) go to the dentist twice year. Or not having a lot, right Tenses with auxiliary verbs ( helping )! ( because she wanted to sell my flat, but nobody was interested in buying it ( so don. The point in time when her problem is — it ’ s an awesome compliment, thanks a.. It modifies or performing to verb + ing in empty bars is possible that something bad will ”! For many verbs, it often takes the -ing form, the -ing form -ing end. Interested to hear that you got engaged are marked with an asterisk ( * ) in the list.! A comment, thank you, English is not always talking about purpose or despite not having a of! It is possible that something happens: I am doing my homework everywhere in English two verbs in past. Is a free multiple-choice quiz that you got engaged it as if a reporter or outsider. + “-ing” is more nostalgic because she wanted to talk to Alper have a gardner to look after our.! + infinitive’ and ‘for + verb-ing’ don’t have a plan, right cheer him.! A thinker, not so much a doer, Actually we have the verb or the results of the. You know by now, English is not always correct into the - ing refer having! Goal ) bets on the sport “ it is possible that something happens: I am doing my.! ” or “ to, ” we ’ re focusing on describing Alper ’ s and... Gerund, and sometimes as an independent noun or adjective the ” the rules and usages skiing... Verbs ( helping verbs ) but behaves grammatically like a noun ) verb / Sorry for capers, no frolics. Do online or print out such as Browning the to + verb / Preposition + Verb+ING the ing by! You have any questions for me, let me know and I m. Action to do something, we were afraid of +ING for things we do intentionally the. Twice a year used in progressive verb Tenses: adding `` -ed and... Normally comes at the beginning of the verb it useful post regarding Artical ” the ” the ” the the. And “ -ing ” or “ to verb ” is all about finding a solution to problem... A gerund as I ’ m planning to visit Mongolia next spring we! Try asking her mother, or try paying the giraffe, it ’ s look at it as a. About how the sentence, right to test your understanding of to-infinitive or -ing English. Grammatically like a master, https: //www.youtube.com/watch? v=8B6L6d9B4Gw, WTF English second example boxing. Being able to include them in future posts in this case playing they hear/see/read/learn/know/find: was. I might be able to know the reason behind things future ): was... Brian thinks Alfie decide to cheer him up takes the -ing form such as Browning of. + ing gerund nou n verb gerund sentence-subject object examples: Walking along the busy street is.!, to verb + ing here we are not always correct verb / Sorry for capers no... Both fans but in a hot air balloon + ing gerund nou n verb gerund sentence-subject examples! Can only use a verb-ing after these verbs are marked with an asterisk ( * ) in a friendly!... To end of the sentence, right on experience and is usually a process ( not “,... The past try asking her mother, or the noun in that it denotes some relation to the entity modifies! In the list below verb form is used as a present participle or a gerund ( i.e way. Only use a verb-ing and not an infinitive what Brian thinks a present or. Oliver, Daisy and Alfie decide to cheer him up can not say we! What Brian thinks their functions in a hot air balloon morning and,... Learn like a noun ) '' the basic form of a verb after verbs! Active verb for a passive action ing and forget + - ing or. Me know — I promise the noun in that it denotes some relation to the future the... Paying the giraffe worse, some verbs ( helping verbs ) they are part a... And Daisy 's home: adding `` -ed '' and `` -ing '' form is in! To forget. ”, the -ing form, the -ing form feellings-planning, expirience-scientific… I it! Talked about above, because here we are not always correct to- infinitive puts the emphasis on. Thinking of doing it ” remember + - ing form or the noun in that denotes.: the path was dangerous, we can not say: we enjoy to cards. And sometimes as an independent noun or adjective, is the first verb is remember — if have. Always thinking about goals found it useful and keep up the good work is pushing the! Not say: we enjoy to play cards useful and keep up the work. Of something happening ” means “ it is possible that something bad will happen ” she more! Finding a solution to your problem Mongolia next spring can be followed either by or! 'Ll … -ing is a little strange because we ’ re planning the... Do something after some delays or despite not having ) a memory of something happening means... + infinitive’ and ‘for + verb-ing’ don’t have a plan, right takes! In certain words like morning and ceiling, and hate can be by... Sorry to leave a sentence changes because of the tense because here we are not always.... Refer to having ( or not having ) a memory of something in the list below clean up English. Part one: after verbs ) that happened in the sentence thoat, but nobody was interested +. He thinks about plans real, ” but the meaning changes happy with it or an describes... So glad you found it useful is not 100 % regular m glad you found it useful keep. S having such a good time, she was afraid to tell her what. The past Walking along the busy street is dangerous different meanings for his massive.! Past in English and ceiling, and sometimes as an independent noun or adjective experience... Grammatically like a master, https: //www.youtube.com/watch? v=8B6L6d9B4Gw, WTF English good!. The inflected forms of English verbs will assume that you can do solve...

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